Gallstones / Cholelithiasis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Gallstones / Cholelithiasis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment


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regular notifications Gallbladder stones What statistics say? Women are at an increased risk of developing gallstones Gallstones are small, hard, pebble-like pieces in the gallbladder usually made of: Cholesterol, Bilirubin, or Minerals Causes Imbalance in the composition of bile Symptoms Pain in the upper right abdomen Nausea and vomiting Fever Indigestion and bloating Who is at risk? A person is at greater risk due to Obesity Diabetes Pregnancy Birth control or hormonal pills Complications of gallstones Unremoved gallstones may cause Jaundice Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis) Inflammation of bile ducts (cholangitis) Pancreatitis Gallbladder cancer Diagnosing gallstones Gallstones can be diagnosed by: Ultrasound MRI Cholangiography with ERCP CT scan Blood tests Treating Gallstones Medications Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Surgery Laparoscopic cholecystectomy Open cholecystectomy Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) Shockwaves are targeted towards the stones to break them. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) To remove stones from the bile duct using endoscope A stent is placed to facilitate flow of bile and stones into intestine. Open cholecystectomy An incision is made to remove gallbladder Laparoscopic cholecystectomy Keyhole surgery to remove gallbladder Time-to-Recovery after stone removal Fast recovery for laparoscopy Slow recovery for open surgery Living without gallbladder Gallbladder isn’t essential for healthy digestion. Tell the doctor if there are any changes in bowel habits after surgery. Preventing gallstones Exercise regularly Eat healthy Maintain healthy body weight [Music]

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