The 7 Dosha Body types Explained Ayurveda, Types of Prakruti / Prakriti

The  7 Dosha Body types Explained  Ayurveda, Types of Prakruti / Prakriti


Hello friends, The National Library of Ayurveda Medicine is pleased to present a new episode on Ayurveda. The present release is part of a video lecture series prepared for the education of Ayurveda literature in accordance with the academic curriculum of Ayurveda studies in India. My name is Dr. Sumit Kesarkar and I will be your host throughout this video that explores Doshaj Prakriti, which enables an Ayurveda Physician to minutely decode a particular individual and provide optimum health care. Doshaja prakriti is useful in understanding the entire makeup of an individual, what their strengths and weaknesses are, how they respond to different foods or environments, and how best to treat them. Prakriti stands for the prototype representing the basic formative distinction in each manifestation. It denotes a collection of unique attributes taking into account the surroundings, geographical location, etc., Types of Prakriti these can be classified as One-dosha combinations: Vataja, Pittaja and Kaphaja, Two-dosha combinations: Vata-pitta, Pita-kapha, and Vata-Kapha, and the three-dosha combination: Vata-Pitta-Kapha or SAMA-DOSHAJA prakriti, totalling 7 basic Doshaj Prakriti types. Doshaj prakriti has been described in detail in the Ayurveda literature of Charak, Sushrut and Vagbhat. We will evaluate the particulars of each Dosha on Physical and Mental levels to get a proper understanding of each Dosha. PHYSICAL APPEARANCE FACE OR FOREHAED For Vata, the face or forehead is Small or Irregular For Pitta its Medium and for Kapha its Large & attractive The BODY WEIGHT for Vata is Lean, for Pitta its Average and for Kapha its Hefty Vata Prakruti people have a Tall BODY STRUCTURE, for Pitta its Medium while Kapha people are Short & Stocky The SKIN of Vata people is rough with tendency to darken Pitta people have Smooth,Copper colored skin with tendency to develop Acne or pimples Kapha people have Bright Smooth and Attractive skin Vata people have Small Protruding EYES with Scanty eyelashes Pitta people generally have Colored iris and Sharp eyelashes Kapha people have Large Attractive Eyes with Thick Eyebrows Vata people have Rough Dry Irregular and Cracked NAILS The Nails of Pitta people are Glossy and Copper colored while Kapha people have Long White Strong Smooth and Thick Nails Vata people have Cracked Irregular TEETH which are Dull white in color Pitta people have Moderate Teeth which are generally Yellow and develop Plaques while Kapha people haveLarge White attractive and Strong teeth The LIPS of Vata people are Dry, Thin Discolored with a Dark tone Pitta people have Glossy, Medium, Copper colored Lips while Kapha people have Thick Full Glossy and Smooth Lips Vata people have Short HANDS, Pitta people comparativelyMedium while Kapha people have Long hands Vata people have Scanty and Irregular BODY HAIR Pitta people the Body hair is Moderate and Faintly colored While Kapha people have Plenty Thick Body-Hair with a Strong tone Vata people have Rough Dry Irregular SACLP HAIR with a tendency to break Pitta people have Scanty Scalp-Hair and generally suffer from early Baldness and Premature-greying while Kapha people have plenty, thick and Glossy hair. The JOINTS of Vata people are Prominent on touch and make a Cracking noise Pitta people have Flabby Joints while Kapha people have Strong Well defined joints which are Compact Vata people have a Thin ABDOMEN Pitta people have a comparatively a Medium ABDOMEN while Kapha people have a Large Abdomen with tendency towards central Obeseity In Vata people the CHEST is Thin and Ribs are prominent Pitta people have Medium Chest while Kapha people are Strong and Muscular in the Chest area Vata people have a Dry TONGUE with Dark spots For Pitta the tongue is Thin in size and is Copper colored while Kapha people have a Clean tongue which is Thick in nature PHYSICAL CHARECTERISTICS Vata people have Weak BODY STRENGTH, Pitta people have Moderate Body strength while Kapha people are Strong In Vata people the BLOOD VESSELS are Prominently seen and are Reticulated In Pitta people the Blood vessels are Less prominent and have a Greenish tinge while in Kapha people the Blood-vessels areDeep seated and Not visible easily Vata people are generally Cold and have a BODY TEMPERATURE Less than normal Pitta people are Hot and have a Body-Temperature Above normal while in Kapha people there are no such variations Vata people have an Irregular and Quick PULSE Pitta people the Pulse is always Fast while the Volume is less to touch Kapha people have Slow Pulse rate and the pulse is Voluminous and very easily felt Vata people generally do not have a BODY ODOR Pitta people have a Foul smelling Body odor while in Kapha people the odor isOily in nature Vata people have a tendency to speak very Fast and sometimes their speech can be Irritating Pitta people have a Sharp and Commanding Voice while Kapha people have a Soft Sweet and Resonating voice Vata people Seldom PERSPIRE In Pitta people they suffer from Excessive Perspiration & the sweat has a Foul odor In Kapha people the Perspiration isNormal Vata people WALK Very quickly, they generally have Swirling moves In Pitta people the walking attributes are Normal while Kapha people have Slow & Steady walk Vata people are very Quick in acting Pitta people are Moderate while Kapha people are Stagnant or Lazy METABOLISM The digestive power of Vata people is very Irregular, sometimes the food gets Digested very easily while sometimes it might be very slow Pitta people have a Powerful digestive power and hence they get hungry pretty soon while in Kapha people the Digestive power is very weak Ability to bear hunger again in Vata people the ability to bear hunger is Irregular Sometimes they can go hungry for days while sometimes they are unable to bear hunger for even a small period of time Pitta people have very Poor ability to bear Hunger while in Kapha people the endurance level is very good Again for Vata the thirst pattern is very Irregular Pitta people get thirsty very often while Kapha people Seldom get Thirsty In Vata people the Intake of food is Irregular Sometimes they eat large quantities of food while sometimes small quantities suffice them Pitta people generally have Heavy intake of food while in Kapha people its Normal GROUP OF TASTES DESIRED Vata people generally like Sweet Sour and Salty taste Pitta people likeSweet Bitter and Astringent taste While Kapha people like Pungent Astringent & Bitter taste BOWEL MOVEMENTS For Vata people the bowel movements are Irregular Sometimes they have got smooth motions, sometimes they maybe constipated & sometimes they may suffer from loose motions In Pitta people the bowel movements are generally Loose with Semi-solid stools while in kapha people the bowel movements are Regular and the stools are Well formed MENTAL CHARECTERISTICS Vata People are very fast to Grasp knowledge In Pitta people the power to grasp is Quick but not as quick as compared to Vata while Kapha people are very slow in Grasping things MEMORY, For Vata the memory patterns are irregular Their Short term memeory is generally Excellent while their Long term memory is Weak Pitta people have a very Powerful memory while Kapha people the memory is weak, however their Long term memory is Good EMOTIONS, Vata people generally are wavering They undergo bouts of Extreme Happiness or Sadness Pitta people generally get provoked or Angry very soon while Kapha people are calm and attached SLEEP PATTERNS For Vata people the Sleep patterns are Interrupted, they have very less Sleep Pitta people the sleep patterns are Normal, while Kapha people have Excessive or Deep sleepers DREAMS, Vata people generally dream of Flying, Climbing or anything that is related to Motion Pitta people generally dream of Violence while Kapha people dream about Bodies of water, Romance, Romantic places Sexual desire For Vata again the sexual desire is wavering sometimes they could suffer from bouts of extreme sexual desires while sometimes they could go in celibacy for months In Pitta people the sexual desire is Moderate while Kapha people have an excessive and deep sexual desire TALK, SPEECH PATTERN Vata people are Very fast to talk, However due to that nature they often Stammer and miss words In Pitta people the speech pattern is very Sharp and Provocative while Kapha people are Slow Resonant and Clear in their speech EXCITABILITY & TEMPERAMENT Vata people are Quick initiative Pitta people excitability or temperatment is Moderate while Kapha people are very Slow and Lethargic to act ATTITUDE TO PROBLEMS / DIFFICULTIES Vata people generally worry a lot and are Instable Pitta people get angry or provoked very easily when faced with difficulties While Kapha people are generally Slow, Steady and Powerful when it comes to facing difficulties FOOD DESIRED; Vata people generally like Warm food Pitta people generally like their food Cold or at normal temperature while Kapha people generally like their food on a warmer side HABITS & INTERESTS Vata people generlly like to travel a lot Pitta people are interested in Sports & Politics while Kapha people generally tend to relax near Bodies of water and like being amidst Flowers and Nature Vata people are generally Radical in their beliefs and their beliefs go on Changing Pitta people are Goal oriented , These people come across as Leaders or Fanatics while Kapah people generally are Loyal Constant Followers of a particular belief they support The Mind of Vata person is Quick and Adaptable to the surroundings Pitta people generally have a Penetrating & Critical Mind The Kapha people have a Slow & Lethargic Mind Most people will find that they have characterisitics from a couple of these catagories. It is very rare to find an EKA-prakrti or a person with a predominance of only one dosha, like only Vata prakrti. Most individuals are a combination of two doshas i.e. DWANDWAJA prakriti. They possess characteristics of two doshas, with different percentages in the combinations. A balanced constitution is ideal and extremely rare, where the balanced state of all the three doshas neutralize the bad or unwanted qualities in each other and support and bring out the good qualities of the others. A person with all the three doshas in equal proportion is called SAMA-DOSHA or TRI-DOSHAJA PrakrtI. The evaluation of an individual’s Prakruti is very useful in helping him make correct choices with respect to food and lifestyle. Also, the Ayurveda practitioner can provide a more personalized health care solution to improve the individual’s quality of life. I hope this video was informative and made the subject clear. Comments and feedback are highly appreciated and you can leave them by visiting the NLAM website at or likewise by writing to me at Thank you for watching. [SUBTITLES CREDIT:NLAM]

4 Replies to “The 7 Dosha Body types Explained Ayurveda, Types of Prakruti / Prakriti”

  1. Hello Sumit,  love your photos.  You've put a lot of work in this. Well done.  Shame I can't use your presentation for teaching my classes.  Would save me all this work.  Take care. 

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *