Types of AGNI Ayurveda, Agni in humans

Types of AGNI  Ayurveda,  Agni in humans


According to Maharshi Yaska, Agni is praised in His three forms in the Vedas Uttama or Aavaahneeya” Agni, The Heavenly Agni appears as Soorya or the Sun “Madhyama or Dakshinaagni” the intermediate one, atmospheric Agni which appears as lightning or thunderbolt. “Parthiva” , the one situated on this earth. This is again divided as “Vaidik” Agni this fire is kindled for Vaidik rituals or sacrificial fire “Gaarhapatya” Agni The Earthly Agni appears at worship, for cooking and digests the food inside the body of living beings Agni is perceived as one of the Pachamhabhuta. In brief its one of the five elements along with other 4 elements of Aakash, Vayu, Aapah & Prithvi This Agni element is responsible for transformation and is perceived as heat in form of Fire Agni element is described as Ushna Ruksha Tikshna Vishad & Sookshma All Mahabhutas are derived from the previous one and carry their properties. Understanding Agni’s properties in sequence it is formed after Akash,Vayu and before Apah and Prithvi. In Bhagvad Gita, Lord Krishna says I am the fire of digestion in the bodies of all living entities and I with the help of Prana & Apana, digest the four kinds of food that is Bhaksya, Bhojya, Lehya, and Choshya. Of all the various types of Agnis described through various treatise on Ayurveda this Agni described in Bhagvad Gita is considered the prime and center of all other Agni’s. It is known as Vaishavanaragni Maharishi Atreya called it Aakashagni Sushruta calls it Sadhakagni or Sadhakpitta Charaka calls it Kaya-agni where Kaya means body Chakrapanidatta depicts that the treatment of the human body or Kaya is nothing but the treatment of this KayaAgni We come across a definitive reference of Agni in Ayurved texts as Rupantaren Agni which depicts that Agni is perceived through transformation. In human body Agni transforms outside elements in a form recognizable & accepted by the body. which means Agni transforms incompatible entities into compatible ones as identified by the body. Agni is innumerable because of its presence in each and every entity of the human body. However various treatise on Ayurved have tried to enumerate these Agnis as a finite groups. Charaka has mentioned about 13 Agnis. 1 Jatharagni, 5 Bhutagni & 7 Dhatvagni According to Acharya Sushruta 5 types of Agnis are illustrated, Pachakagni, Ranjakagni, Alochakagni, Sadhakagni and Bhranjakagni. However, there is an indirect reference of 5 Bhutagnis underlying in the brief description made to the transformation of food Vagbhatta has described additional 3 Doshagni’s and 3 Malagni’s along with Agnis of Sushrut and Charaka Sharangadhara has recognized Agni in form of 5 Pitta’s Pachak, Bhrajak, Ranjak, Alochaka and Sadhak Bhavamishra has followed Acharya Charaka and Vagbhatt Inferring from above discussions from various types of Agni’s and its corelation with Pitta, the 13 Agni’’s described by Charak can be accepted as all encompassing Of the 13 Agnis , JatharAgni is the main important Agni that controls the function of all other 12 Agnis. All the Agni’s are totally dependent on the status of JatharAgni It performs digestion of food and is also responsible for separation of the food material for separation of the food material into the essence portion or the Prasad bhaga and the waste products or “kitta” in our body JatharAgni is also classified into 4 categories according to its performance of digestion in the human being , a healthy state known as SamAgni , 3 stages where it is corrupted by Doshas. When Vata corrupts Agni it is known as VishamAgni, Pitta disruption leads to TikshnaAgni, and Kapha leads to MandAgni JatharAgni splits the food into the simpler substances for the 5 BhutAgni later to digest their portion. BhutAgni is the one that is present in a basic element There are five Agni’s in each of the five basic elements Parthiva, Aapah, Tejas, Vayu & Aakash Acharya Charak has mentioned that that the five BhutAgni digest their own part of the element present in the food materials. After the digestion of food by the BhutAgni digested materials containing the elements and qualities similar to each bhutas nourish their own specific bhautika elements of the body Dhatu Agni refers to the Agni present in each of seven dhatus of Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda Asthi, Majja and Shukra Acharya Charaka mentions that the 7 dhatus which are a support of the body contain their own Agni, and by their own Agni they digest and transform the materials supplied to them to make the substances alike to them for assimilation and nourishment Vagbhata described that when Agni through BhutAgni medium enters into the Dhatus it becomes Dhatwagni Any discrepancy at any levels of these Agni is understood by various symptoms which are detailed through various treatise and their treatments are done accordingly. It may not be incorrect to state that the entire aim of Ayurved is to keep this Agni healthy all the time The treatment of Agni is understood through the “Concept of Agnimandya” which would be covered in another video

2 Replies to “Types of AGNI Ayurveda, Agni in humans”

  1. Very helpful! Thank you for explaining so clearly. I am very visual/aural learner so seeing things, and hearing them helps along with reading from the texts I am studying. Keep up the great work 🙂

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