What are MALA [Wastes / Excrements] in Ayurveda. Concept of Mala

What are MALA [Wastes / Excrements] in Ayurveda. Concept of Mala


The National Library of Ayurveda Medicine is pleased to present a new episode on Ayurveda. The present release is part of a video lecture series prepared for the education of Ayurveda literature in accordance with the academic curriculum of Ayurveda studies in India. My name is Dr Sumit Kesarkar and I will be your host throughout this video on the TRIMala’s, or the three prime excrements or waste products mentioned in Ayurveda. Mala in a broad sense can be defined as excrements. Ayurveda gives high importance to the body’s excrements and classifies them as Healthy excrements and Diseased excrements. Though the explanation may sound a bit vague, it is a vital part of Ayurvedic diagnosis. Ayurveda states that the nature of the excrements determines the working condition of an entity. Ayurveda lists two main types of Mala’s or waste products. Dhatu Mala or the waste products expelled from cells and tissues. Aahara Mala or the waste products derived from food. Dhatu Mala are formed during the process of Dhatu production by following the similar process of Absorption of nutrients, Assimilation & Excrement of waste materials. We have described each Dhatu and its excrements in a seperate video but let us just give a brief recap here: Rasa dhatu the excrement is Kapha dosha in form of mucus or phlegm Rakta dhatu the excrement is Pitta dosha in form of digestive juices such as bile The excretions of eyes, nose and ears are considered as excrements of Mansa dhatu Sveda or Sweat is considered as an excrement of Meda dhatu Due to the prominence of Sveda prominence in pathology it is included as one of the three prime excrements Hair and Nails are considered as an excrement of Asthi Dhatu Sebum is considered as an excrement of Majja Dhatu While Shukra dhatu is considered to have no excrements or wastes However certain authors like Acharya Vagbhatt consider Ojas the supreme refinement of all Dhatu’s as waste of Shukra Aahar Mala’s are also known as Tri-Mala or the three prime excrements. Purisha which can be co-related to feces or Stools Mutra to Urine and Sveda to Sweat. Like Dosha and Dhatu, the nature of Mala is very useful to understand the functioning of a body. Ayurveda has described the healthy nature of each Mala. Though the statement may sound ironical how wastes can be healthy, they do have a deep implication. Each entity of the body has a healthy and unhealthy state and evaluating it makes one understand the genesis of health. In a healthy body, the quantity and quality of Mala is in accordance with the descriptions given by Ayurveda. However, any abnormality in quality or quantity of the Mala’s leads to disease. The Mala’s have their unique combination of the Panchamahabhutas or the 5 elements Let us look at each of the three Mala’s in brief Purisha or feces is composed mainly of the element PRITHVI or Earth. In a healthy state, Purisha is described as semisolid, with a mucus coating. The unhealthy state of any entity can be examined when it is produced in excess insufficient or when its structure is different from normal. The symptoms of Purishvriddhi or excess production are described as follows In brief the symptoms include Flatulence, Abdominal unrest, Abdominal pain & Heaviness The symptoms of Purishkshaya or insufficient production of Purish are described as follows In brief th symptoms include Abdominal gases, Bloating, Pain in the back, Pain in the chest and heart region. The assessment of Purisha helps evaluate underlying disorders. Mutra or Urine is composed mainly of the element AAPAHA and AGNI. The excess production of Mutra or Mutravriddhi is described as follows In brief the symptoms include Pain in the bladder, Urge to urinate frequently, Indicates underlying causes like diabetes, bladder dysfunction, etc. The symptoms of insufficient production of Mutra or Mutrakshaya are described as follows In brief the symptoms include Difficulty in passing Urine, Heavy colored Urine sometimes accompanied with blood Decrease of Urine can indicate syndromes like kidney disorders and edema. Sveda or Sweat is composed mainly of AAPAH. Sveda is also the excrement of Meda Dhatu however due to its prominence on a visible scale it must be included as one of the three prime excrements. The symptos of increase of Sveda or Svedvriddhi are described as follows In brief the symptoms include Excessive perspiration, Foul odor from the body & Itching The insufficient production of Sveda or Svedakshaya is described as follows In brief the symptoms include Loss of body hair , Cracked skin or Dry skin For a healthy body, the harmony of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala must be preserved. Any discrepancy at any level causes disorder. It can be observed then why certain symptoms like hair fall, breaking of nails, withered nails, excessive discharge from the eyes, yellowing of teeth are regarded as warning signs of underlying grave disorders according to Ayurveda. The subtle observation and attention to detail by an Ayurveda physician makes his diagnosis quite accurate. I hope this video was informative and made the subject clear. Comments and feedback are highly appreciated and you can leave them by visiting the NLAM website at or likewise by writing to me at Thank you for watching. [SUBTITLES CREDIT:NLAM]

3 Replies to “What are MALA [Wastes / Excrements] in Ayurveda. Concept of Mala”

  1. it is excellant video.great job.according to the video,i have decrease in sweat.can u suggest a remedy being an ayurvedic person.

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