What is Pitta Dosha Ayurveda, Concept of Pitta Dosha and its 5 subtypes

What is Pitta Dosha Ayurveda, Concept of Pitta Dosha and its 5 subtypes


Hello friends, The National Library of Ayurveda Medicine is pleased to present a new episode on Ayurveda. The present release is part of a video lecture series prepared for the education of Ayurveda literature in accordance with the academic curriculum of Ayurveda studies in India. My name is Dr Sumit Kesarkar and I will be your host throughout this video, which gives a brief explanation of Pitta Dosha and its 5 subtypes. Pitta is a force created by Agni and Apah. This force represents transformation. Pitta transforms raw substances to a state identifiable by the body. Just as the summer heat transforms sea water to rain, and age transforms youth to adult, similarly Pitta in the human body transforms life in various etiologies towards physical death. Of the universal qualities, PITTA dosha has predominance of SATVA. Pitta dosha, as described in the “Introduction to Tridosha video”, is responsible for transformation. It is a force that is responsible for converting mass into forms. It is a force which creates planets, cells, plants and all entities conceivable from a primary source. It transforms raw energy into a usable source by each entity. For example it converts food to digestive juice, sea water to rain water, etc. To understand PITTA dosha from a human perspective we need to understand its functions as depicted by Vagbhat in Ashtanghrudaya The functions in brief are Digestion, Maintenance of body temperature, Metabolism of tissues Vision, Hunger, Thirst, Aura Dhaaran or Retention aspect of memory, Courage, Bravery, Fear, Anger Ignorance, Delusion or perplexity, Suppleness and Softness PITTA dosha’s prime seat of location in a human body is described in Ashtanghrudaya as The regions are : Navel region between large intestine or colon and stomach which can be regarded as major parts of small intestine Sweat, Rasa Dhatu, Rakta Dhatu Eyes & Skin It is centered in the parts of abdomen around the navel or the small intestine and stomach. The pathology of PITTA dosha can be studied when its proportions increase or decrease in the body. Since Pitta dosha governs transformation of raw energy into usable form, its increase logically would cause too much consumption of raw sources and produce a not so usable end product. For example, increased Pitta may exhaust the stored energy too quickly or the end product after transformation may not be in accordance with the body and it would lead to increased heat The increase of PITTA dosha is described in Ashtanghrudaya as In brief the symptoms include Yellow urine, eyes, skin and stools Increase in hunger or appetite, Increased thirst Increased heat, which creates burning sensation throughout the body Desire for cool environments and diet & Unconsciousness Decrease of Pitta dosha would cause an opposite reaction. The transformation process would be disrupted, leading to unusable end products leading to toxins. The metabolism would go down and growth would be stunted on physical and mental aspects of the body. The decrease of PITTA dosha is described in Ashtanghrudaya as In brief the symptoms include Decreased body temperature, Decreased gastric fire or appetite Loss of Lustre or Aura, Loss of mobility or decreased mobility Feeling cold, Different kinds of pain all over the body Anorexia or aversion to food, Indigestion & Coarseness of body parts PITTA dosha carries out its various functions through its subtypes. We have already looked at the subtle relation of PITTA dosha and its subtypes, which are co-related to humors in modern terms. PITTA dosha is the all-governing force in the cosmos and humans are one part of its manifestation. In humans Pitta dosha sustains the body along with the other two doshas, Kapha and Vata. However, Pitta dosha functions in the body are subject to malfunctions, which ultimately proves to be a contributing factor to the physical death of the body. The functions of Pitta are vivid as described earlier and are more specifically carried out or identified by its subtypes. Pitta has 5 subtypes, they are Sadhak Piita, Alochak Pitta, Pachak Pitta, Bhrajak Pitta & Ranjak Pitta They are sometimes referred to as Agnis or forms of fire, as they all serve to provide or promote heat on some level. Sadhaka is originated from the root “sadh” meaning “to accomplish or to realize”. Sadhaka Pitta means the fire that determines what is truth or reality. Ashtang hruday gives description of Sadhak pitta as It is said to be located at Hruday. Hruday can be deciphered as the brain or the heart. Sadhaka Pitta functions through the nervous system and senses. Like Prana it has an inward movement. It gives fire and digestive capacity to the brain and senses. When impaired, we suffer from lack of clarity, confusion or delusion and become unable to distinguish between our fantasies and reality. Sadhaka Pitta governs our mental energy, mental digestionor the digestion of impressions, ideas or beliefs. and our power of discrimination. Our intelligence or buddhi functions through it. It governs inner combustion, the release of energy from our impressions and life-experiences to empower the mind. It directs our intelligence within. It helps to accomplish the goals of the intellect, intelligence or ego. On a lower level, these include worldly goals of pleasure, wealth and prestige and, on a higher level, the spiritual goal of liberation. Alochak is originated from the root “loch” which means “eye”. Alochaka Pitta means the fire that governs visual perception. Ashtang hruday gives description of Alochak pitta as It is located in the eyes. Clearness in the eyes reflects a good digestive power and deeper intelligence Like Udana Vayu it has upward motion. It is responsible for the reception and digestion of light from the external world. Centered in the pupil of the eyes, it allows us to see. When impaired, we suffer from failure of vision or eye diseases. Pachaka is originated from the root “pach” meaning “to digest”. Pachaka Pitta means the form of Pitta that digests things. Ashtang hruday gives description of Pachak pitta as It is located in the small intestine. It governs the power of digestion. From it comes the bile salts and acids that digest our food. In addition, it governs the regulation of body temperature and helps maintain the power of circulation. When impaired, we suffer from indigestion. This consists of hyperacidity and ulcers when it is high. When it is low, we have poor absorption, lack of bodily heat, and low agni or digestive fire. Pachaka Pitta is the basis and support of the other forms of Pitta. Pachaka Pitta is the first consideration in the treatment of Pitta, as our primary source of heat is the digestive fire; Agni, with which this form of Pitta is intimately bound. Like Samana Vayu, it has mainly an equalizing or balancing action and discriminates the nutrient from the non-nutrient part of food. It is responsible both for building up our tissues and for destroying any pathogens that have entered the body with the food. Bhrajaka is originated from the root “Bhraj” meaning “to shine” or “lustre”. Bhrajaka Pitta means the fire that governs lustre or complexion. Ashtang hruday gives a description of Bhrajak pitta as It is located in the skin and maintains complexion and color of skin. It governs our digestion of warmth or heat and sunlight, which we absorb through the skin. Through it we can read the heat and warmth of the body; the glow of our aura. Like Vyana Vayu, it is involved in the process of circulation and has an outward moving energy. It is like the warmth of our peripheral circulation. Through it our heat is diffused and dispersed. When increased it causes sweating. Ranjaka is originated from the root “ranjan” meaning “to color”. Ranjaka Pitta means the form of fire that imparts color. Ashtang hruday gives description of Ranjak pitta as It is located in the liver, spleen, stomach and small intestine. It gives color to the blood, bile and stool. It functions as the warmth in the blood and the circulatory system. Like Apana Vayu, it has a downward moving energy and can promote or purge toxins. Accumulated Pitta colors the other secretions and waste materials of the body, particularly urine and feces giving it their normal color. This concludes the video on PITTA dosha and its five subtypes I hope this video was informative and made the subject clear. Comments and feedback are highly appreciated and you can leave them by visiting the NLAM website at or likewise by writing to me at Thank you for watching. [SUBTITLES CREDIT:NLAM]

25 Replies to “What is Pitta Dosha Ayurveda, Concept of Pitta Dosha and its 5 subtypes”

  1. The usage of herbs relates to condition of other doshas in the body and hence cannot be generalized. However for meditative purposes, one can mix Brahmi Jatamansi and Shatavari in a proportion of 1:1:2 and intake with honey and ghee in unequal proportion.

    The two herbs being relaxant and also calming care must be taken that they must be used under supervision if taken for long periods of time and especially if on other medications

  2. You burp when food moves from your stomach to small intestine. So I don't believe that burps are a sign of disturbance, however if you are burping continuously for say 15-20 times then you need to show yourself to a specialist.

  3. Thanks Sumit.How to balance all these 5 doshas of Pitta.Pls direct me to change my life style.Appreciate.

  4. Hello,  I believe I am Pitta and Kapha.  My problem is that I get mad easy and have trouble controlling my temper.  I stopped eating red meat, bread and avoid salt.  I am not overweight but I do consume 10 grams of vitamin C a day and 2000mg of omega 3's and 1000mg of L-arginine.  Please help

  5. Since childhood I had dreams about being a shaman it sorcerer of space-time! It just amazes me how I can now be reassured by my chart for my strange encounters with physics! I would love to learn more, my moon is under uttara bhadrapada the chart talks about magic alot Sagittarius ascendant,

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